The Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020, introduced in the Lok Sabha last week by the Minister of State for Shipping (Independent Charge), Mr Mansukh Mandaviya, seeks to provide for regulation, operation and planning of the Major Ports in India and to vest the administration, control and management of such ports upon the Boards of Major Port Authorities and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, had approved the proposal of the Ministry of Shipping to replace the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 with the Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020. This will empower the Major Ports to perform with greater efficiency on account of full autonomy in decision-making and by modernising the institutional framework of the ports.
Earlier, the Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2016 and, thereafter, referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee (PSC). The PSC, after taking evidence and wide spread consultations, submitted its report in July 2017. Based on this, the Ministry of Shipping introduced the official amendment to the Bill in the Lok Sabha in 2018. However, the Bill got lapsed after the dissolution of previous Lok Sabha.
With a view to promote the expansion of port infrastructure and facilitate trade and commerce, the Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020 aims at decentralising decision-making and infusing professionalism in the governance of Major Ports. It would help to impart faster and transparent decision-making, benefiting the stakeholders and improve project execution capability. The Bill is aimed at reorienting the governance model in central ports to landlord port model in line with the successful global practice. This will also help in bringing transparency in the operations of Major Ports, said an official communiqué.
The Bill has been prepared after extensive consultation with all the stakeholders and Ministries/Departments and taking into account the recommendations of PSC. The salient features of the Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020 are as follows:
- The Bill is more compact in comparison to the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 as the number of sections has been reduced to 76 from 134 by eliminating overlapping and obsolete sections.
- The new Bill has proposed a simplified composition of the Board of Port Authority which will comprise of 11 to 13 members from the present 17 to 19 members representing various interests. A compact Board with professional independent members will strengthen decision-making and strategic planning. Provision has been made for inclusion of representative of the state government in which the Major Port is situated, Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Defence, and Customs, Department of Revenue as members in the Board apart from a government nominee member and a member representing the employees of the Major Port Authority.
- The role of Tariff Authority for Major Ports (TAMP) has been redefined. Port Authority has now been given powers to fix tariff, which will act as a reference tariff for purposes of bidding for PPP projects. PPP operators will be free to fix tariff based on market conditions. The Board of Port Authority has been delegated the power to fix the scale of rates for other port services and assets, including land.
- An Adjudicatory Board has been proposed to be created to carry out the residual function of the erstwhile TAMP, to look into disputes between ports and PPP concessionaires, to review stressed PPP projects and suggest measures to revive such projects, and to look into complaints regarding services rendered by the ports/private operators operating within the ports.
- The Boards of Port Authority have been delegated full powers to enter into contracts, planning and development, fixing of tariff except in national interest, security and emergency arising out of inaction and default. In the present MPT Act, 1963, prior approval of the Central government was required in 22 instances.
- The Board of each Major Port shall be entitled to create a specific Master Plan in respect of any development or infrastructure established or proposed to be established within the port limits and the land appurtenant thereto, and such Master Plan shall be independent of any local or state government regulations of any authority whatsoever.
- Provisions of CSR and development of infrastructure by Port Authority have been introduced.
- Provision has been made for safeguarding the pay and allowances and service conditions, including pensionary benefits of the employees of the Major Ports, and tariff of Major Ports.